A financial comparison which examines a specified performance factor for a specified year with the same performance factor for the previous year.
Year over Year comparisons can be direct comparing the actual performance factors, or differences between the factors in either absolute or percentage terms. It has the advantage over shorter term comparisons of eliminating seasonality and potentially revealing longer term trends.
The income from an investment. The income yield on an investment is the annual dividend or interest payment, multiplied by 100 and divided by the market price.
If the market price of a share in 150p and the dividend is 7.5p, the yield is 5%.